Specialty “Orthodontics” (residency)

Degree: Doctor Orthodontist

The most common admission exams are:

For admission, you need to have a medical education in the specialty of general medicine or pediatrics.


Conditions of admissionFuture professionWhere to goTerms of trainingStudied disciplinesAcquired skillsJob prospectsBenefits of studying in graduate school

Orthodontics is one of the most promising branches of dentistry. Orthodontists help their patients solve bite problems. Professionals are engaged in the elimination of defects in the maxillofacial region as a whole, or individual teeth. The work of an orthodontist is difficult not only physically, but also psychologically, since you need to be able to accurately predict the result of treatment, otherwise an error in correcting the bite can be noticed only after several months.

Professionals can customize the treatment and the most suitable devices. As a rule, braces are used to correct bite deformities, which are installed and removed by the doctor himself, who determines whether this technology is suitable for the patient.

Conditions of admission

In order to enter the specialty 31.08.77 “Orthodontics”, it is necessary not only to find out what subjects to take. To do this, you need to have a medical higher education in the specialty:

medical business;pediatrics.

You will also need to pass a profile exam, which is set by the educational institution where the future orthodontist enters.

Future profession

Training in this specialty will ensure the preparation of qualified personnel who will be able to fully realize themselves in their future profession. The graduate will be able to:

receive patients, conduct a survey and examination of the state of his oral cavity, detect existing defects and make diagnoses;select the most appropriate treatment technique, predict the results and explain the treatment process to the patient;take into account all the features of the current state of the patient’s teeth and prevent the occurrence of more complex situations;conduct routine examinations of patients to monitor their condition;competently draw up medical documentation and manage patients.

The qualification level of the doctor increases with the growth of his experience. Also, each doctor undergoes advanced training courses in order to keep abreast of all new products in the field of dental occlusion treatment.

Where to go

Education in this specialty is offered by the following universities in Moscow and other cities of Russia:

Belgorod State National Research University;Krasnoyarsk State Medical University named after Professor V.F. Voino-Yasenetsky;Yaroslavl State Medical University;Ural State Medical University;Kursk State Medical University;Moscow State University of Medicine and Dentistry named after A.I. Evdokimova;Siberian State Medical University.

In total, there are about 65 higher educational institutions in the Russian Federation, which offer to receive education in the specialty “Orthodontics” on 08/31/1977.

Terms of training

The term of study depends on the student’s capabilities and on what form of study he has chosen. There are two options in total:


Part-time education in this specialty is not provided. On the daytime form, the period will be 2 years, in the case of the individual form, the period can be set by the university, but it can be no more than 3 years.

Studied disciplines

In the process of obtaining education, the student will study the following subjects:

social hygiene and public health;organization of medical orthodontic care for the population;normal and pathological anatomy of the head;diagnostic methods in orthodontics;technologies for treating patients with diseases and deformities of the dento-maxillofacial region;orthodontic instruments and equipment;development and prevention of 123helpme.me dentoalveolar anomalies and deformities;anomalies and deformations of teeth and jaws;occlusion anomalies;defects of the jaws, dentition and diseases of the marginal periodontium;injuries of the maxillofacial region, pathology in the development of the face, jaw.

Some specialties for optional study of ordinates can be chosen at will.

Acquired skills

In the process of studying, the future orthodontist will learn:

collect anamnesis, conduct clinical and laboratory studies to evaluate patient data;determine the degree of mobility of the teeth and oral mucosa;probing the periodontal canals, administering medications, irrigating the gums and teeth with medications;remove hard and soft dental deposits;provide assistance to patients with pulpitis, caries, periodontitis;remove milk and permanent teeth;grind tooth tissues, take impressions from the jaw and face, cast diagnostic and working models of the jaws;design devices, engrave and mark jaw models;to apply and adjust removable and non-removable intraoral devices;prepare teeth and jaws for the upcoming prosthetics;perform splinting when a patient is injured.

This is not a complete list of skills and abilities that a student will master during his studies at a university. All knowledge will be applied in practice until graduation, which provides a large number of practical lessons.

Job prospects by profession

Often, future graduates are interested in who to work after graduation. To do this, you can see the list of proposed positions:

orthodontist;Head branches;chief physician.

The doctor will be able to either work in the specialty of an orthodontist and improve his skills, increasing experience, or choose for himself leadership positions in the future. In the first years of work, the salary can range from 30 thousand rubles.

Benefits of studying in graduate school

After the residency is over, you can go to graduate school and continue to improve the level of knowledge. The student will be able to acquire important managerial and pedagogical competencies, which will allow him to significantly expand the proposed list of positions held.

Also, at the end of the postgraduate study, a dissertation is written and defended, which allows one to obtain the degree of candidate of dental sciences. This will have a positive effect on the salary level of the future specialist, regardless of whether he will work in a public or private medical institution.


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