National Research University “Higher School of Economics”
And it is obvious that this is due to revenues from research, which make up as much as 53.6% of the university budget. At the same time, 88.4% of graduates were sent to work.
Moscow State Technical University named after N.E. Bauman
Among the graduates of the famous “Baumanka”, 88.4% of young specialists were able to find a job. Commercialization indicators – 34.4% and i-index 20 make this university a worthy participant in the ranking.
Perm National Research Polytechnic University
In terms of employability and commercialization, this university has decent indicators: 87.3% and 48.8%, respectively, but the citation rate dropped a little – only 13 points, which is not so much in comparison with other universities.
Kazan National Research Technological University
In this university, as many as 89.7% of graduates ended up with a direction, 35.7% of the budget was formed due to commercialization, and the i-index was 18.
St. Petersburg State Electrotechnical University “LETI” IN AND. Ulyanov (Lenin)
This university can boast of similar successes: 88.4% of employed graduates, 34% of the budget from an intellectual product and 19 points of the i-index.
Moscow State University named after M.V. Lomonosov
In this case, the leader was again identified due to the high citation index – 48 points. But the employment rate of graduates was only 24.2%, and this, along with 27.4% of the budget due to commercialization.
National Research Tomsk State University
Here we have higher rates of employment – 79.6% and commercialization – 34.8%. But from the 28th i-index to MSU it is still far away.
Stavropol State Agrarian University
In this university, the share of graduates who received further employment was as much as 92.9%. At the same time, the commercialization of intellectual products brought in 17.8% of budget funds, and the i-index is 25, which is very good for this type of university.
Kuban State Agrarian University
The pride of this university is 94.2% of employed graduates. However, 11.3% of commercialization and 22 i-index were not allowed to reach the first place.
Russian School of Economics (institute)
The leader of this segment has the highest rates in terms of commercialization of intellectual work products – 97.4%. But given the fact that this is a non-governmental institution, graduates do not receive job assignments, and the i-index is low – only 9 points.
Moscow Higher School of Social and Economic Sciences
Another non-governmental institution has already 61.4% of commercialization and 12 i-index.
International University of Nature, Society and Man “Dubna”
And this university has a good citation rate, which is 27 points. He managed to make money on intellectual products by 16.5% of the budget, while employed graduates – 12%.
National Research University “Higher School of Economics”
The demand for this educational institution was determined by 26 points of the i-index and 20.2% of commercialization. But 0.3% of employed graduates is, of course, a weak indicator.
Moscow State University of Psychology and Education
Decent indicators and one of the most famous liberal arts universities. The number of employed graduates – 83.3%; commercialization – 32.3%; – index – 17.
Moscow City Pedagogical University
This university was able to send 70% of graduates to work, formed 21.2% of the budget due to the commercialization of intellectual products, and has a citation index of 17.
Orthodox St. Tikhon’s Humanitarian University
The university is not state-owned, so there is no question of any employment. And the citation is relatively small – 7 points. But the commercialization of intellectual activity is 59.9%.
First Moscow State Medical University named after I.M. Sechenov
The merits of the university included 87.5% of employed graduates and 27 points of the citation index. But the share of funds in the budget from the commercialization of scientific works was only 6.7%.
Nizhny Novgorod State Medical Academy
Employment of graduates in this university is 100%. Commercialization is relatively low – 26.5%, as well as the citation rate – 14.
Siberian State Medical University
This university can boast of the same share of graduates with a job assignment. And again, commercialization is only 7% and the i-index is 20.
Russian National Research Medical University named after N.I. Pirogov
This university has shown good results in the employment of graduates – 41.9%. At the same time, the budget was formed at 15.2% of earnings on intellectual products, and the i-index was 22 points.
“Women’s profession” is a very conventional concept. Modern women know how to drive, and repair cars, and build and restore houses. They understand IT technologies, solve mathematical problems with ease, and serve in law enforcement agencies. Therefore, it is correct to speak rather about traditionally female occupations and, separately, about those spheres where women have proved that they can work no worse than men.
Nevertheless, women, as before, face certain difficulties when entering a “male” job. As a result, women most often have to think over a fallback employment option that will allow them, at best, to move up the career ladder, and at worst, “to stay afloat.” And this option is becoming promising women’s professions that can be obtained in Russian colleges.
“Women’s professions” – a synonym for the problems of employment of young girls
A modern employer is so spoiled by the presence of young personnel with university diplomas that it accepts a young specialist with a higher education for unskilled work for the sake of the prestige of his enterprise. The situation is even more complicated when the applicant is a young girl who is not hired because she will get married and go on maternity leave. Formally, such a reason for refusal is a violation of labor laws. But in practice, there is no effective mechanism for holding a manager accountable, because it is difficult to convict him of illegal refusal of employment.
Another reason for the irrational use of qualified specialists is the commercialization of education and the lack of interaction between non-budgetary educational institutions and the labor market. The university, of course, expands the opportunities, but we must not forget that now many graduates who have received higher education remain “overboard”, because the chosen specialty is not in demand due to the oversaturation of the labor market. With high competition, the first “candidates for the unemployed” are young women who have to think about their families and take care of children.
Until lawmakers find a way to really, and not in words, protect women’s rights, a way out of the situation must be sought.
College and technical school – education and work experience in no time
An alternative way to solve the problem is to master a promising profession after the ninth grade. In this case, an additional advantage appears: by the time of graduation from the secondary school, a young girl not only receives a diploma, but also more easily joins the work collective, since studies in secondary specialized institutions are more focused on acquiring practical skills. The initial experience gained in practical training in a secondary school will become an unconditional advantage over a young specialist looking for a job after graduating from a university.
It remains only to choose where to get education (in college or technical school) and in what specialty. Note that there is a difference between studying in college and technical school:
Technical school – secondary school, where students receive basic education in their specialty. The training program and its implementation are close to school standards, and the entire course of study is designed for 2-3 years. But, more significantly, the programs of the technical schools are aimed at acquiring practical skills.